Art 207-04, Group 4
Melissa Manica, Charity Holliman, Kristen Ligon, Thomas Smith
The idea of stained glass originated in ancient Egypt in the second century B.C. with the development of glass making. Stained glass as we know it today was first used as European religious decorations around the 11th century A.D. Stained glass art is the art of manipulating with light and color in an interior space. Light is a major aspect of stained glass because it is what animates and brings the glass to life. It has been written that light is the very essence of stained glass art.
There are two types of stained glass. Originally stained glass was clear and a color stain was applied to it. This changed with the development of glass which had the stain incorporated into the actual glass. This process occurred by adding metals and minerals to the molten glass, which resulted in tinted glass. This type of stained glass is called cathedral glass. The second type of stained glass developed in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s during the Art Nouveau period. During this period American glassmakers began to make the second type of stained glass called opalescent glass. This type of glass was translucent and its introduction significantly expanded the variety of glass available to artists.
The use of stained glass windows greatly expanded during the Renaissance period as well as during the 1400’s through the 1700’s in Europe. During the Victorian era, which took place in the 1800’s stained glass, began to be used in non-religious windows of European chateaus. The expansion of stained glass continued into the Art Deco period of the 1920’s through the 1940’s. During this period stained glass was incorporated into the architectural designs on many buildings. The mid 1990’s brought about another expansion of stained glass called “Stained Glass Mosaics.” This type of art combined stained glass with the art of mosaics. Stained Glass Mosaics are used today on walls and floors as well as vases, lamps, and even plant holders.
Stained glass has been a very big part of the art world for several centuries. It has gone through several periods of expansion, which have lead to new stained glass techniques. Overall, stained glass art is very beautiful and eye catching.
1) Students will learn how to trace outlines of simple pictures with nails/thumbtacks.
2) Students will learn how to space the holes evenly on the pie pan art.
3) Students will learn the use of light by hanging their art up on the window.
4) Students will learn different mediums of art (examples, metal, light, ect…).
5) Students will learn how to trace different lines, and shapes.
6) Students will learn how much pressure/force is needed to create the holes in the pie pan.
· Simple outline of a picture (example, heart)
· Pie tin
· Marker (any color will do)
· Examples of artwork
· Same material listed for the students (example, simple outline of a picture, nails/thumbtacks, etc…).
· Give brief introduction on lesson plan
· Have students pick a simple picture
· Center picture on the bottom side of the pie tin with tape
· Outline the picture with dots using a marker or pencil
· Begin puncturing holes with nails/thumbtacks
· Remove picture from the bottom of the pie tin
· Punch two holes in the top of the pie tin, add string, and hang it in the window
· Warn students about working with the sharp objects, such as the nails/thumbtacks.
Between the 3rd and 4th grade most children are between the ages of 8-10. In this stage (Realism) children tend to pay more attention to body proportion, actions of figures, and details of clothing. They tend to pay closer attention to the environment, and there is a gradual disappearance of the baseline and the emergence of the horizon. Shadows, and shading may appear. Their artistic development may show depth through diminishing sizes and overlapping. The children will tend to use realistic colors, and are more critical of their work.
AmeriGlass Stained Glass (History).
Discovering Stained Glass in Detroit by Nola Huse Tutag
Herberholz, Barbara, and Donald Herberholz. Artworks for Elementary Teachers.
New York, NY. 2002.